In Camp on the North Fork of the Merced
by John Muir from My First Summer in the Sierra
Chapter II passage: John Muir, founder of the Sierra Club, immigrated to Wisconsin from Scotland as a boy in 1849. He moved to California in 1868. In 1869 he was hired to oversee a flock of sheep and shepherds on their journey to summer pasture in the Sierra Nevada mountains. He recorded his thoughts and adventures in his diary. This passage reveals Muir thoughts on the large black ants, probably carpenter ants, that he encountered on the trip. After reading the passage, students will respond to questions on Muir’s language, his attitudes, and the central idea.