Mercury and the woodman

Words: 401-500

Skills: Main / Central Idea Summary Theme

Grades: 1st 2nd 3rd

Topics: Fairy Tales and Fables and Folklore, Myths, and Legends

Genres: Prose

Lexile Range: 420L - 730L

Lexile Measure: 720L

CCSS: Reading: Literature


Mercury and the Woodman

by Aesop from The Aesop for Children

Although they were written centuries ago, Aesop's fables are still full of useful lessons today. Students will read this fable and answer questions about the story and the theme.

Reading Comprehension Passage

Mercury and the Woodman

by Aesop from The Aesop for Children

A poor Woodman was cutting down a tree near the edge of a deep pool in the forest. It was late in the day and the Woodman was tired. He had been working since sunrise and his strokes were not so sure as they had been early that morning. Thus it happened that the axe slipped and flew out of his hands into the pool.

The Woodman was in despair. The axe was all he possessed with which to make a living, and he had not money enough to buy a new one. As he stood wringing his hands and weeping, the god Mercury suddenly appeared and asked what the trouble was. The Woodman told what had happened, and straightway the kind Mercury dived into the pool. When he came up again he held a wonderful golden axe.

"Is this your axe?" Mercury asked the Woodman.

"No," answered the honest Woodman, "that is not my axe."

Mercury laid the golden axe on the bank and sprang back into the pool. This time he brought up an axe of silver, but the Woodman declared again that his axe was just an ordinary one with a wooden handle.

Mercury dived down for the third time, and when he came up again he had the very axe that had been lost.

The poor Woodman was very glad that his axe had been found and could not thank the kind god enough. Mercury was greatly pleased with the Woodman's honesty.

"I admire your honesty," he said, "and as a reward you may have all three axes, the gold and the silver as well as your own."

The happy Woodman returned to his home with his treasures, and soon the story of his good fortune was known to everybody in the village. Now there were several Woodmen in the village who believed that they could easily win the same good fortune. They hurried out into the woods, one here, one there, and hiding their axes in the bushes, pretended they had lost them. Then they wept and wailed and called on Mercury to help them.

And indeed, Mercury did appear, first to this one, then to that. To each one he showed an axe of gold, and each one eagerly claimed it to be the one he had lost. But Mercury did not give them the golden axe. Oh no! Instead he gave them each a hard whack over the head with it and sent them home. And when they returned next day to look for their own axes, they were nowhere to be found.

Honesty is the best policy.

Passage Only

Reading Comprehension Questions

1. What is a policy?

2. Why did the Woodman's axe fall into the pool?

3. How did Mercury reward the Woodman for his honesty?

4. What happened to the Woodmen who lied to Mercury and claimed the golden axe?

Vocabulary List

Vocabulary List

Each of the vocabulary words below are used in the reading passage. As you read the passage, pay attention to context clues that suggest the word’s meaning.

  1. despair
  2. wringing
  3. straightway
  4. declared
  5. wailed

Context Clues

Context Clues

Using context clues from the sentences in the passage, underline the correct meaning of the word in boldface.

1. “The Woodman was in despair

a. shady area     b. a rush or hurry     c. wanting or need     d. unhappiness; sadness

2. “As he stood wringing his hands and weeping”

a. twisting or squeezing     b. clapping; making noise     c. waving; flapping     d. scratching

3. “and straightway the kind Mercury dived into the pool”

a. carefully or slowly     b. happily or with joy     c. quickly; right away     d. later, after a time

4. “the Woodman declared again that his axe was just an ordinary one”

a. whispered     b. dreamed or imagined     c. forgot     d. stated; said

5. “Then they wept and wailed and called on Mercury to help them”

a. hit things      b. cried or howled     c. waited; paused     d. ran about