A Farmer’s Friend
Reading Comprehension Activity

Author: Staff Writer

Earthworms might be considered the unsung heroes of the farming world. Students will read a passage about the benefits of earthworms and answer questions about the central idea, author’s purpose, cause and effect, and author’s point of view.

Topic(s): Science. Skill(s): Summary, Point of View, Main / Central Idea. Genre(s): Informational

Click for the passage & questions on one printable PDF.


Not everyone loves worms. Some people think they are slimy and disgusting, but these small wriggling creatures are very important. In fact, we can thank earthworms for many of the delicious foods on our plates. Earthworms are good friends to the farmers who grow fruits and vegetables.

Earthworms can be found in most places around the world. They live their entire lives in soil. An earthworm has no eyes, ears, or nose. Instead, it senses its surroundings through the nerves along its body. These nerve cells help the earthworm crawl through the soil. Most earthworms are just a few inches long. However, if you traveled to Australia, you might see the longest earthworm in the world. The Gippsland earthworm can reach lengths of 12 feet!

Earthworms help farmers in several ways. As they crawl through soil, earthworms create burrows, or tunnels. Plants cannot grow if the soil is too dry and hard. The tunnels help air and water seep into the soil and reach plant roots. Earthworms also munch on leaves and other plant matter. The earthworms then pass the digested waste out of their bodies and into the soil. The waste from earthworms is filled with nutrients. This makes great fertilizer, or food, for the young, growing fruit and vegetable plants.

The earthworms in our gardens may be small, but they are very important. They help feed us and keep us healthy.

Comprehension Questions

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